A descriptive study of mortality patterns amongst adult patients admitted to a tertiary care and teaching hospital

Main Article Content

Lovely Dhar
Diya Das
Mazarul Rahaman Molla
Kismotulla Mondal
Mayukhe Kayal
Debjyoti Maji
Dibya Adhikary
Md. Joy Rahaman Mondal
Md. Sahil
Manish Sarkar
Divit Sarkar
Madhushree Masanta
Jigisha Rana
Md. Rafiqul Hasan
Dipankar Mondal
Madhumita Basu
Abhijit Mukherjee

Abstract

Introduction
Data on mortality among hospitalised patients mostly reflect the aetiologies and distributions of severe illnesses as well as
community-level patterns of care-seeking. These hospital-based death records include details about the distribution of
diseases and deaths by age and sex, among other things, that are extremely or critically important for organising healthcare
services. The present study was undertaken to classify deaths and describe the causes of death based on the age and sex
of the patientsat the NRSMCH according to the International Classification of diseases (ICD-10).
Materials and methods
The present descriptive retrospective hospital-based study using records, was conducted at the Medical Records Department of NRSMCH between 1st January 2022 to 2nd March 2022, a total of 60 days. A complete enumeration of records of all
849 deaths that occurred in NRSMCH during the study period was done. All data were recorded in predesigned pre-tested
schedule, entered intoMicrosoft Excel (Microsoft Corp. USA) and analysed using SPSS, Version 20.
Results
The mean age of patients in the study population was 54.9 (16.5) years with 36.2% females and 63.8% males.The commonest cause of death overall are diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99) (39.8%) followed by injury and poisoning (S00-
T98) (13.9%). Gender based analysis of deaths shows a higher proportion of deaths from diseases of the circulatory system
(I00-I99) in both females (37.5%) and males (41.1%). The second most recorded cause of mortality was injury, poisoning
(S00-T98) 13.9% overall and in both females (13%) and males (17.2%).Age group wise break-up of deaths show that the
commonest recorded cause of death in the 18- 40-year age group was injury, poisoning (S00-T98), followed by Certain
infectious parasitic diseases (A00 – B99) (18.1%). The commonest cause of death in the 41- 60-year age group was
Diseases of circulatory system (I00 – I99) (39.8%), followed by Injury, poisoning (S00 – T98) (11.7%). The commonest
cause of death in the 61–80-year age group was Diseases of circulatory system (I00 – I99) (50.3%) while the second most
common was Injury, poisoning (S00 – T98) (9.9%). In patients over the age of 80 years the commonest cause of death is
Diseases of circulatory system (I00 – I99) (56.4%) followed by Diseases of respiratory system (J00 –J99) (15.4%).
Conclusion
In the present study, most common cause of overall mortality were diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99) of which the
commonest was Nontraumatic intracerebral haemorrhage, Unspecified, I61.9. The single most common cause of death in
the study population was “Nontraumatic intracerebral haemorrhage, Unspecified”.No major differences were observed in
the proportion of males and females in terms of the causes of death. Age group wise break-up of deaths show that the
commonest recorded cause of death in the 18- 40 age group were “Injury, poisoning” (S00-T98), while the commonest
cause of death in the 41-60, 61-80 and e” 81-year age group were “Diseases of circulatory system” (I00 – I99). 

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How to Cite
1.
Dhar L, Das D, Molla MR, Mondal K, Kayal M, Maji D, et al. A descriptive study of mortality patterns amongst adult patients admitted to a tertiary care and teaching hospital. RJUMS [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 5 [cited 2024 Apr. 18];1(1):10-5. Available from: https://esrfrjums.co.in/index.php/main/article/view/14
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Lovely Dhar, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Diya Das, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Mazarul Rahaman Molla, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Kismotulla Mondal, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Mayukhe Kayal, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Debjyoti Maji, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Dibya Adhikary, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Md. Joy Rahaman Mondal, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Md. Sahil, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Manish Sarkar, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Divit Sarkar, NRS Medical College and Hospital

` MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Madhushree Masanta, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Jigisha Rana, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Md. Rafiqul Hasan, NRS Medical College and Hospital

 MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Dipankar Mondal, NRS Medical College and Hospital

` MBBS students (Batch 2020-2025)

Madhumita Basu, NRS Medical College and Hospital

Demonstrator, Community Medicine

Abhijit Mukherjee, NRS Medical College and Hospital

Associate Professor, Community Medicine

How to Cite

1.
Dhar L, Das D, Molla MR, Mondal K, Kayal M, Maji D, et al. A descriptive study of mortality patterns amongst adult patients admitted to a tertiary care and teaching hospital. RJUMS [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 5 [cited 2024 Apr. 18];1(1):10-5. Available from: https://esrfrjums.co.in/index.php/main/article/view/14

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