The pattern of dermatological disorders among patients attending the Dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Kolkata

Main Article Content

Deepshikha Yadav
Abhijit Das
Abhinaba Das
Atmaja Aich
Akash Ghosh
Bidyarthi Malakar
Anwesha Majumdar
Debankan Samanta
Debmalya Dutta
Debangshu Mitra
Aysa Khatun
Arjama Ray Karmakar
Anway Pradhan
Arnab Sarkar
Azhar Mahmood
Bibhasindhu Dutta
Bipasha Adhikary
Bishistha Sadhu
Ankit Ghosh
Ankita Mandal
Anish Chinrey
Aarti Sah
Abhinobo Samanta
Abhiraj Pal
Abhishek Mandal
Adila Islam
Aishwarya Das
Aditya Sah
Akarsh Priyam
Debdut Mondal
Deboleena Majumder
Debraj Paul
Deepak Kumar
Deepika Naskar
Swapnodeep Sarkar
Abhijit Mukherjee

Abstract

Introduction


The pattern of the dermatological disease varies from country to country and even between geographical areas within a country. This present study aims to elucidate the dermatological patterns observed in a tertiary care hospital setting in West Bengal, India, while concurrently examining the sociodemographic characteristics of the patient population.


Materials and methods: This descriptive observational study with cross sectional design, was conducted among 214 patients, in the Dermatology outpatient department NRSMCH, Kolkata, between 01/02/24-28/02/24. The patients were selected based on a systematic random sampling method. The dermatologists on duty on the day of data collection identified the diagnosis.  A predesigned pretested schedule was used for recording the variables. All collected data were entered into Microsoft Excel, cleaned, checked for consistency and analyzed using SPSS (version 20).                 


Results: Most patients were male (57.9%), Hindu (59.3%), having education upto primary level (37.4%) and belonging to SES class IV (37.4%). Self-reported co-morbidities were present in 27.6% of the patients.  Almost one fifth (18.7%) of the patients had similar disease among family members during the same time. The study population could be almost equally divided between infective (49.5%) and non-infective cases (50.5%). The most common diagnosis overall was tinea (23.8%). Tinea was also the commonest infectious/ parasitic disease in the study population, followed by Scabies (12.6%). Among non-infectious diseases, the commonest was dermatitis (seborrheic, atopic and unspecified) seen in 13.1% of the patients, followed by acne vulgaris (8.9%) and pigmentation disorders (including vitiligo/ melasma/ post inflammatory tatoo pigmentation) (5.1%).Higher proportion of patients in the infectious group were in the age group 35-44 years (41.9%), than the non-infectious group where the highest proportion of patients were in the 15–34-year age group (52.4%). Significantly higher proportion of patients with infectious disease had a family member suffering from similar diseases at the same time (26.7% vs 11%, p=0.003). 


Conclusion: The findings of this study highlight the fact that along with medical treatment, health education is also necessary to curb the spread of dermatological diseases. Preventive and curative health services like awareness regarding hygiene, achieve a considerable reduction in the prevalence of skin disorders.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Yadav D, Das A, Das A, Aich A, Ghosh A, Malakar B, et al. The pattern of dermatological disorders among patients attending the Dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Kolkata. RJUMS [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 19 [cited 2024 Jun. 22];1(2). Available from: https://esrfrjums.co.in/index.php/main/article/view/27
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Swapnodeep Sarkar, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata

Assistant Professor, Community Medicine

Abhijit Mukherjee, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata

Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine

How to Cite

1.
Yadav D, Das A, Das A, Aich A, Ghosh A, Malakar B, et al. The pattern of dermatological disorders among patients attending the Dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Kolkata. RJUMS [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 19 [cited 2024 Jun. 22];1(2). Available from: https://esrfrjums.co.in/index.php/main/article/view/27

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.